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Personalities: Who's Who

Name Contains:

Saad Saiel
1942-1982, Kufer Qliel, Nablus. Military Education, the Jordanian Military Academy 1951, trained in Britain 1954 and 1958 and in the United States 1960 and 1966, Upgraded to Colonel Status in command a military division in the Jordanian Armey. Joined FATEH after the Palestinian Jordanian conflict in 1970, elected member of Fateh Central Committee 1980, was upgraded to General responsible and led several military assignments, wad assassinated mysteriously in Lebanon, several Palestinian Academy bears his name in acknowledgment to his achievements.

Sabih Masri
1937, Nablus; Degree in Chemical Engineering. Businessman., Chairman of Palestine Telecommunications Co. (Paltel), Vice Chairman of the Palestine Investment Fund's Board of Directors in 2002, chairs the Nominations Committee, founded and presently manages investment companies and financial economic institutions active in Palestine and throughout the region. His private sector affiliations in Palestine and abroad include the Arab Supply and Trading Corporation (ASTRA), Zara Investment, Cairo Amman Bank and the Rum Agricultural Company, played an active role in the establishment of PADICO, the Palestine Investment and Development Company, and currently serves on its Board of Directors. He was the founder and served as the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Palestine Securities Exchange (PSE) till 2004. He is also a member of the Board of Directors of the Arab Bank PLC.

Sabri Jeryis
1938 Fassuta. The Galilee. Writer and lawyer, law graduate, Hebrew University. Israeli put him on "Administrative Housearrest" in Haifa,1969, jailed on another administrative regulation 1970. He was allowed to leave Israel later in 1970, and moved to Beirut where he became director of the Institute for Palestine Studies, member of the Palestinian National Council. during the Israeli invasion to Lebanon in 1982 the Institute for Palestinian Studies in Beirut was ransacked and looted by the Israelis after their take-over of the city. In 1983 a saboteur’s bomb destroyed the Center; among those killed was Jiryis´s wife. Jiryis moved on to Nicosia in July 1983, after the Oslo accords, he returned to Palestine 1995, the first edition of his book “The Arabs in Israel” was published in Hebrew 1966.

Saeb Erikat (Urayqat)
1955, Abu Dis/Jerusalem; grew up in Jericho. BA,M.A. political science graduate from San Francisco State University in 1979; Ph.D. Conflict Resolution and Peace Studies, Bradford University, England, 1983;lecturer of political science at An-Najah University from 1979 & was also director of public & external relations 1982-6. Member of the Palestinian negotiating team to the Madrid peace conference; PA Minister of Local Government tell 1994-2003. Head of PLO negotiations department. On the editorial board of al-Quds for 12 years from 1982, & convicted for “incitement” in an Israeli military court when an article of his urged resistance to the occupation1987, member of Fatah-RC & the PLO-CC. PLC member (Fatah) for Jericho 1996-2005 and 2006, minister without portfolio for negotiations April 2003, resigned the position on May 2003, although retained his PLO position, appointed again by Mahmoud Abbas as Head of the Negotiation Department 2005.

Saed Tibi
1949, Lebanon, for a Palestinian refugee family; BSc in medicine from Cairo university, MSc and PhD in Genetic medicine from London university; worked in Kuwait and several US and Canadian universities; Head of Genetic department in Toronto children hospital; Discover 35 different genes responsible for certain illness; earn several awards: state of Kuwait 1990, the European scientist foundation 2001, publish more than 200 research paper, and write a book about Arab genetic disease, co-founder of the American-Middle East association for genetic doctors.

Saeed Siam
1959 Shate' Camp, Gaza. His family comes originally from al-Jora Village in Asqalan south of Israel. Diploma in teaching sciences and mathematics from Teachers College in Ramallah pursued his university studies at al-Quds Open University where he got his. BA in Islamic Education from Alquds Open University. Member in Legislative Council 2006. Member of Hamas politburo. since March 2006. Establish parallel security force that worked directly under his command as Interior Minister. He was imprisoned several times by the Israeli army... He is married with six children (two boys and four girls He worked as a teacher in the UNRWA Schools in Gaza from 1980 - 2003. was a member of the Arab Employees Union in the UNRWA for several terms. headed the teachers Sector Committee for seven years in a row. member of the Board of Trustees of the Islamic University in Gaza. represented Hamas in the Higher Follow Up Committee of the National and Islamic Forces in Gaza. headed the Department of External Relations in the movement. was placed under administrative detention four times by the Israeli army during the first Intifada 1987, he was deported for one year to Marj Zuhur in South Lebanon 1992. in he was arrested by the Palestinian Military Intelligence Apparatus 1995. Interior and Civil Affairs Minister 2006.

Sahar Khalifa
1941 Nablus. BA in English literature, Bir Zeit University, MA in English literature from Chapel-Hill University, North Carolina, 1980. Ph.D in women’s studies and American literature from Iowa University in 1988, lives between Amman, Jordan; and Nablus, novelist, began writing shortly after the 1967 Israeli invasion of Gaza and the West Bank, and published her first novel in 1974, the most translated Palestinian author after Mahmoud Darwish, returned to Palestine in 1988, and founded the Women’s Affairs Center in Nablus. Awarded the “Najib Mahfouz Prize” administered by the American University of Cairo for its novel” picture, Icon and Old Testament” 2006.

Said Hamami
1941-1978, Jaffa. Fled with family to Amman in 1948. Received BA in English lit from Damascus Uni; then worked as a journalist & teacher. Joined Fatah in 1967 & rose quickly to be elected a delegate to the PNC in Feb69. Appointed PLO’s 1st delegate to the UK (officially as head of the Arab League’s Palestine Information Office) from 1972. Was critical of international violence, esp the Black September Organization at Munich. Began, seemingly with ‘Arafat’s support, to call for a mutual Israeli-Palestinian recognition. Met MK Uri Avineri in 1974, the first meeting between a MK & a PLO leader; came to explicitly support a State in the 1967 Territories, obtained through negotiations at Geneva; and became critical of PLO’s continued rhetorical allegiance to the idea of a Democratic State in all Palestine. Assassinated 4Jan. 1978 by the Abu Nidal group; buried in Amman.

Said Khoury
1923 Safad. President of the Consolidated Contractors (group of Companies-CCC Group), governor of Arab Monetary Fund, chairman of the Palestinian Businessmen Organization, chairman of Palestine Electrical Company, Member of the Board of Trustees - Institute of Palestinian Studies, Beirut. Board Trustees Member; Parish of Greek Orthodox of Europe.

Said al-Hussini
1973, Jerusalem; PA law from University of Cairo; 1965-1967 trained at Ibrahim Baker law office in Jerusalem; open his own office in 1967 but went in the lawyers general strike after the Israeli occupation in June 1967; member of the Arab Thought Forum since 1977; Board member of the Palestinian Red Crescent Society since 2003; board member " al-Maqased Islamic benevolent society" 1966-1980.

Sakhr Habash [Abu Nizar]
1939, Bayt Dajan, Jaffa; a refugee first in Ramallah, then in Balata camp (Nablus). Head of Fatah-RC and its Ideological Mobilization Department. Joined the Ba‘thists in 1952; study geology & water resources at Ein Shams Uni (Cairo) from 1958. From 1960, moved from Ba‘thism to Palestinian nationalism, joining Fatah in 1962 with responsibility for recruitment. He took over Fatah regional command in Lebanon in Oct.1972. Member of Fatah-CC since 1989. Loyal critic of ‘Arafat & Oslo; now resident in Ramallah.

Salah Khalaf [Abu Iyad]
1933-1991 Jaffa, Fatah leader & chief ideologuewhere; a refugee in 1948 to Gaza, where he acquired paramilitary youth training through the Muslim Brotherhood. Left Gaza in 1951 to train in Cairo as a teacher, and came to lead the Palestinian Students Union with Arafat, firstly as Arafat’s deputy (1952-6) & then president (1956-7), moved to Kuwait where he was a founder of Fatah. Khalaf attributing the model to the FLN in Algeria.Chief of PLO ‘Special Services’ (the Revolutionary Surveillance Directorate, Mufawwadiyya al-Rasd al-Thawri) from 1968 until Sep. 1971, & then the Jordan Affairs Bureau (created Mar72) to conduct operations there; widely credited with Black Sept operations, 1st Fatah advocate of the Democratic State of 2 State solution. Maintained close ties with PFLP & DFLP; assassinated on 1991 in Tunis. PLO’s security and counter intelligence executive officer; spiritual godfather and chief of Black September Organization;

Salah Salah
1936, Ghawair Abu Shushi, Tiberia; former PFLP leader. Early ANM activist in Damascus, taking major role in local branch after 1961 break-up of UAR. Served as an independent member of PLO-EC in 1971-Jan 1973. PFLP politburo member until Feb.1993, when he refused to stand for re-election having been strongly criticized for compromises with the PLO. Chair of PNC Returnees Committee, thus with place on PLO-CC.

Salah Shahada
1954-2002, Bayt Hanun, Gaza; refugee family from Jaffa. Hamas leader and founding member. Studied social science at Cairo Uni; joined the Ikhwan as a student in Egypt. Acted as a social worker, and jailed for 2 years from 1984. One of the 7 founders of Hamas; had initial responsibility for the creation of the ‘Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades; spent a total of 12 years in prison from 1988, firstly after being convicted by an Israeli court and later (from late 1998) in administrative detention. After his release on May 2000, he headed the ‘Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades, and Israel reportedly considered him as having primary responsibility for Hamas attacks on settlements in the Gaza Strip; at least 3 assassination attempts upon him, and PA forces attempted (unsuccessfully) to arrest him in Jun01. His house in Bayt Hanun was partially destroyed by Israeli tanks in Dec01. His nephew, Bilal Shahada, was killed in an attack on Netzarim in March 2002. Killed on 22Jul02, in an Israeli missile strike on his residence in the Daraj neighbourhood of Gaza city, an attack which killed his wife, Layla, and one of his daughters, Iman; and 12 others.

Salah al-Ta‘mari (As’ad ‘Abdel Qadir)
1943, Taamreh villige Bethlehem. Studied English lit at Cairo Uni, joined Fatah in 1965, & became S-G of GUPS in Cairo. After 1967, Fatah commander in Jordan. Also married Dina Abdel Hamid, King Husayn’s ex-wife, worked in Lebanon as the head of the PLO’s youth wing. Arrested by the Israeli army in Saida in 1982; PLC member for Bethlehem 1996-2005, PA cabinet minister 1998-2002. Headed the Palestinian negotiating team to end the Israeli siege at the Church of the Nativity in 2002. appointed governor of Bethlehem on 2005.

Salah Zuhaika
1952, Jerusalem. BA in history from AUB; Diploma in conflict resolution from AU, Washington; Diploma in Journalism from institute in Virginia; worked in al-Fajr and al-Shaab magazines; arrested several times; worked as tourism coordinator for the Palestinian delegation to the multilateral talks; was elected as Sec-Gen of Fateh in Jerusalem; currently works in the Ministry of Waqf and Religious affairs.

Salah al-Sakka
1946, Gaza. Bsc. Engineering, Al Azhar University 1972, urban planning Diploma, South California University, 1986. Work in different places including Libya 1972-73, Saudia Arabia 173-1978, return to Gaza and work with the Community Development Foundation, 1980-85, Save the Children 1986-90, USAID 1990-94, American Near East Refugee Aid (ANERA) since 1994. Deputy president of the Arab Thought Form (ATF), Trustee member of the University of Palestine International, Palestinian Development Fund (PDF), Research Center for Human and Social Development, Associate Member, American Institute of Architects (AIA), Washington D.C., U.S.A. Association of Engineers, Gaza Strip Elected Chairman 1978, 1979, Council Member of Gaza Municipality City; author “Lack Of Organization; A Barrier To Development” University of Minnesota, U.S.A. 1986 and “Toward The Bylaws Of The Engineering Practice” Association of Engineers of the Gaza Strip, 1979.

Salam Fayyad
1952, Dayr al-Ghassun, Tulkarm, based in Jerusalem. Prime Minister, Minister of Finance and Minister of Exterior after emergency government 2007. PA Minister of Finance from 9Jun.2002, studied at the AUB (BSc in Engineering) & then in the US; holds a masters in accountancy and a PhD in economics (both from the Uni of Texas). Worked as a university economist before moving to work at the World Bank HQ in Washington from 1987-95. After that, was IMF resident representative in Palestine until 2001, With creation of PA, frequently called for greater financial accountability & helped to arrange a package of financial reforms with the Finance ministry, including the overturning of monopolies held by the PA. Was briefly the West Bank head of the Arab Bank before his appointment to the cabinet. Resign from the finance ministry to head new list called the "third way" and win two seats with Hanan Ashrawie on the 2006 legislative elections.

Saleh Ra’fat
1945, Arrabeh, Jenin. Return to west bank after the war 1967 took part in establishing the PFLP, becoming one of its military and political leaders; joined the DFLP after its breakaway from the PFLP; PNC member since 1969; and member of PLO central council; arrested several times; supported Yasser Abed Rabbo's split from the DFLP in 1990 and was among the founders of FIDA. Candidate during PLC election for Jenin 1996. Secretary General of Fida since 2003.

Saleh Zeidan
1949, Nahr al-Bared Refugee Camp in northern Lebanon, originally from al-Damoun Village near Haifa. live in Gaza Strip since 1996, diploma from Teachers College and pursued university studies, worked as a teacher at the UNRWA schools in the Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon, member of the PNC since 1977 and a member of the Palestinian Central Council of the PLO since 1991, one of the commanders of the battle defending Tal al-Za'tar Camp (1975-1976); member of the Front Central Committee of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine since 1977 and member of the Front's Politburo since 1989; assumed the position of DFLP official in Lebanon from 1988 until 1996. Appointed Minister of Social Affairs in 2007.

Salim Tamari
1945, Jaffa, B.A. in politics from Drew University, New Jersey, United States and an M.A. in sociology from the University of New Hampshire, completed a Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Manchester in 1983. A sociologist at Bir Zait University since 1971, in 1994 was appointed director of the Institute for Jerusalem Studies, a branch of the Beirut based Institute for Palestinian Studies that publishes the Jerusalem Quarterly File, served on the refugee committee in the multilateral peace talks that began in the wake of the 1991 Madrid Peace Conferance. His works include Palestinian Refugee Negotiation: From Madrid to Oslo II (1996) and Jerusalem 1948. Trustee at the Arab Thought Forum 1978-1995.

Salim Za‘nun [Abu al-Adib]
1933, a refugee to Gaza in 1948; Speaker of the PNC since 1993. An early recruit to the Muslim Brotherhood, had a leading role in organising the Popular Resistance Front to oppose Israeli occupation of Gaza in 1956-7. Left Brotherhood to join Fatah in late50s, & built support for it in Kuwait. In Fatah-CC from 1968, where after Black September he argued for scaling down the Palestinian military presence in favour of smaller units, lost his position on CC in 1971. Took over as senior Fatah rep in the Gulf. Has remained within Fatah despite his often strongly disagreements with ‘Arafat; appointed PNC deputy speaker in the 1980s.

Salim al-Husseini
1845–1908; Jerusalem. Was Mayor of Jerusalem from late 1880-1897; built family palace which developed later into Dar al-Tifil institution; great-grandfather of Faisal Husseini; member in Jerusalem council; buried near American Colony Hotel.

Salma Khadra Jayyusi
1927, Acer (Akka), the Upper Galilee. Completed her secondary education at Schmidt's Girls College in Jerusalem, graduated with honors in Arabic and English Literatures from the American University of Beirut. Ph.D. the School of Oriental and African Studies, London University, 1970; A poet and critic, scholar, translator, anthologist, one of the most renowned experts on modem Arabic literature, presents a thorough introduction to the works of more than ninety Arab poets, author of more than 40 publications including 11 Encyclopedia edited, and translated; ten of collections, her poetry and critical writings both Arabic and English have appeared in books and in many journals; started her career as a University Professor teaching at the University of Khartoum (1970-1973), the Universities of Algiers and Constantine (1973-1975), in 1975, the University of Utah invited her as a Visiting Professor of Arabic literature. She remained in the US since, teaching at several universities (Utah, Washington, Texas) and doing research as visiting scholar at the University of Michigan for 2 years. In 1973, she founded PROTA (Project of Translation from Arabic); the project has created 8 comprehensive anthologies, & many single author books in translation, these works aim at introducing Arabic literature to the English-speaking world. She founded East-West Nexus, & her first work in this field was The Legacy of Muslim Spain, a 1,100 page edited book written by 42 world scholars was declared by Brill as an absolute best seller, she received several award from the Arab American University Graduates Association of California, 1996 Palestine Liberation Organization a lifetime achievement award1990, the State of Kuwait for distinguished services to Arab & Islamic culture, in 2002.

Salman Abu Sitta
1937, Ma'in Abu Sitta, Bir as-Saba'; Researcher on refugee affairs and author of over 50 papers on the subject. Founder of Palestine Land Society. Director of international development and construction projects. Abu Sitta's research in this matter is becoming a great asset to future historians and generations. Founder and President, Palestine Land Society (UK). General Coordinator, Right of Return Congress. Member of Palestinian National Council. Chairman of Welfare/ UNRWA Committee on Refugees. Author of over 100 papers and 4 books on Palestinian affairs. Author/Compiler of Atlas of Palestine 1948.

Sami El-Yousef
Master of Science in Industrial Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1983, Bachelor of Science in Chemical Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, 1980. Served at Bethlehem University, Palestine as: Vice President for Finances and Planning, 2000 –2009, Assistant Vice President for Academic Affairs, 1994 –2000, Dean of Faculty of Business Administration, 1986-1990, Socio-Economic Studies Project Manager, 1987 - 1990. Lecturer, 1983 - 1986, Chief Operating Officer, Universal Color Graphics, City of Industry, California, 1990- 1994. Member of the Coordinating Catholic Aid Organizations committee since 2009, member Board of Trustees of St. Yves Legal Aid Society (Jerusalem) since May 2010. Member of the Board of Trustees of Pope Paul VI Ephpheta Institute for the Hearing Impaired (Bethlehem) since 2009. Currently Regional Director for Palestine and Israel – Catholic Near East Welfare Association/Pontifical Mission for Palestine; Jerusalem Field Office since 2009. Member of the Board of Trustees; Arab Thought Forum since 2010 .

Samih Farsoun
1937-2005, Haifa. Professor emeritus of sociology at American University, until 2003. He graduated from Hamilton College in New York, master's degree in 1961 and a PhD in 1971, both in sociology from the University of Connecticut. During his career at AU, served as chairman of the Department of Sociology, founder of its Arab Studies Program. An activist and mentor to young Arab-Americans, founding member of several organizations and the author or editor of several books on varied aspects of the Arab world, one of the first members of the board of directors of the Jerusalem Fund for Education and Community Development ,member of the executive committee of the Center for Policy Analysis on Palestine.

Samih el-Qasim
1939, Al Zarqa, Jordan, lived his life in Al Rameh, the Ubber Galilee. He is among the most famous Palestinian poets, he was held under house arrest and imprisoned repeatedly by Israel because of his activism, worked as Arabic teacher in his early times. He has published numerous poetry collections, some of them have been translated into English, and some of his nationalistic poems have been put to music. He is the editor in chief of the Israeli Arab newspaper Koull El Arab. Previously work as Editor of several journals or news papers among the Al Itihad and Al Jadid. Several Albums contains most of his work.

Samih al-Abed
Al-Bireh, Ramallah 1947. BS in Engineering and Planning in 1970. Masters Degree in city planning and design in 1972 from the United States and holds a PhD in Developmental and Regional Planning in 1987. he held the post of head of Architecture department at Birzeit University, member of the Palestinian team for final status negotiations and was one of the first teams which worked with PECDAR, Deputy Minister of the Palestinian Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation. Appointed Minister of Public Works in 2007.

Samiha Khalil
1923-1999 Anabta, Tulkarm. lived in Ashqalon before 1948; became refugee in the Gaza Strip 1948 until she left for Beirut, and then moved to the West Bank,. An outstanding Palestinian woman who dedicated her life to fighting for the Palestinian cause and improving the humanitarian situation in Palestine. In 1965, founded the Society of Ina’sh El’Usra as a center for training women and empowering them to become equal and active. President of the General Union of Palestinian Women, President of the Union of Voluntary Women’s Societies and member of the Executive Committee of the Union of Palestinian Charitable Societies. member of the National Guidance Committee. In 1977, she became the only female member of the National Front Committee. was detained six times without trial by the Israeli occupation authorities. In 1996, she was the only competitor to Yasser Arafat in the Palestinian presidential elections won 12% of the vote.. university studies at Beirut University which the Israeli occupation authorities prevented her from completing.

Samir Abdullah
1950, Ramallah. Economist; Minister of Planning and Work 2007, serves as economic advisor and head of the Economic Policies Department at the Palestinian Prime Minister’s Office. A leading member of the PPP, chair of the Arab Economists Association in Ramallah, editor of Palestine Economic Pulse, chief executive of the Palestinian Trade Development Centre. Was part of the Palestinian delegation to the Madrid talks; but boycotted from April 1993. Trustee at the Arab Thought Forum 1986-1997.

Samir Ghawsha
1940-2009, Jerusalem, dentist. Head of PPSF since 1974, and represents it on the PLO-EC. With splintering after commencement of Madrid process, leads the pro-Oslo faction, taking the position of Minister of Labour,. Acted as an “adviser” to ‘Arafat at Camp David in 2000, although his participation appears to have been minimal. Reappointed to PA as Minister for Jerusalem on 29Oct.2002 – Apr2003.

Samir Abu Eisheh
1960, Nablus. PhD in Urban Planning from the University of Pennsylvania Vice President for Development and Planning at al-Najah University, was also Dean of the Engineering faculty, was a visiting professor at several US universities (Washington and Texas, Germany (Braunschweig) and France (Lillie). He served as consultant to several Palestinian universities and institutions including Planning Ministry as well as several ministries in Arab countries published 60 research studies on Planning. Minister of Planning 2006.

Samir Huleilleh
1957 Kuwait; received, MA in Economics, AUB, 1983; BoD member the Palestinian Banking Corporation since 1988; Board member of the Applied Research Institute Jerusalem since 1990; Assistant Under-Secretary for the PA Ministry of Economy and Trade from 1994-97; Board Member of the Arab Thought Forum in Jerusalem since 1996; served as head of the Marketing and Sales Dept. of the Nassar Investment Com. 1997-2004; member of the PA’s National Reform Committee, established in 2003; Chairman of the BoD for the Palestine Trade Center (Pal Trade) since 2004; appointed Secretary of the Palestinian cabinet formed in February 2005.

Samir and (Wassam) Joubran
Samir, 1973 Nazareth. A Palestinian living in Israel, he has repeatedly emphasized that his music is inspired by his love for Palestinian heritage and by a longing to achieve a Palestinian state living in peace. He has become one of the most talented Arab oud players, yet ironically has been unable to perform in most of the Arab world due to his status as an Israeli citizen. He started learning oud as early as the age of 5, and when he was 9 years old began studying at the Music Institute in Nazareth. He eventually attended and graduated from the Mohamed Abdul Wahab Conservatory in Cairo, Egypt. He initially began performing alongside his brother Wissam , releasing their album Tamaas in 2003. The work has been described as a masterpiece, weaving together the brothers' natural raw talent, intimate knowledge of their instrument, as well as their impressive ability to improvise. In 2004, they were joined by their younger brother Adnan, forming Le Trio Joubran and releasing their hit album Randana in 2005. Together they have played in many parts of the world, gaining particular fame in Western Europe. On February, 2006, Le Trio Joubran made its debut at Carnegie Hall in New York City.

Sari Nusaybah (Sari Anwar Nusaybah)
1949 Jerusalem; Studied politics, philosophy, economics at Oxford, 1977 and PhD in Islamic Philosophy, Harvard (1978); became professor of philosophy at BZU (1978-90). Founder & head of the Palestinian Consultancy Group, Was the first prominent Palestinian to hold talks with a senior Likud politician, Moshe Amirav, in 1987; was assaulted by Palestinian activists for this. President of al-Quds University from 1995. Appointed to Jerusalem position in early Oct01; since then, has strongly criticised the direction of the intifada, calls for the Palestinian refugees to give up their rights to return to their homes in the 1948 Territories, On 2ept 2002, he released joint peace initiative with Ami Ayalon, former head of the Israeli security to end the conflict between Palestinians and Israelis. PLO representative in Jerusalem.for a short period during 2001/2.

Sa‘ad al-Din al-Alami (Shaykh Sa‘ad al Din)
1911-1993, Jerusalem. Religious leader; Shari‘a qadi in Ramallah (1948-51), Nablus (1951-3); Mufti of Jerusalem from 1953; member of the Shari‘a appeal court in Jerusalem from 1967, become head of the Islamic Board and Chief Qadi in the West Bank for most of the 1970s & 1980s.

Sa‘id al-Karunz
1958, al-Burayj camp, Gaza, PA minister of transport from Apr03; previously minister for industry from Aug98-Jun02from a refugee family from al-Faluja. Trained in maths, achieving a BA at Mansura Uni Egypt, a MSc in Saskatchewan, Canada and a PhD at Purdue Uni. Worked as head of the maths and statistics dept at al-Azhar Uni in Gaza, then at Islamic Uni of Gaza. Lives in Nusayrat camp. Elected as a Fatah candidate to the PLC for Dayr al-Balah.

Sa‘id Kamal
1938, Nablus. BA Economic and Politics, Alexandria Uni. 1966; Arab National Movement, background. Was deputy director of PLO’s political department in mid70s; then PLO representative in Cairo 1988- 1994, and was kept there to continue discreet negotiations with Sadat. From at least mid90s, was assistant Secretary-General of the Arab League, responsible for Palestine affairs 1994-2005.

Sa‘id Musa Muragha [Abu Musa]
1927, Silwan/Jerusalem. Head of Fatah’s dissident wing in Lebanon.; served in Jordanian army & trained at Sandhurst military academy. By 1970, had turned against Jordan and Joined Fatah, rising to the position of colonel within Fatah, commander of PLO forces in South Lebanon (1972-77) & deputy military head of PLO operations room in Lebanon (1977-82). On Fatah-RC from 1980-83. Led PLO’s defence of Beirut in 1982; but was deeply critical of the leadership’s stance. Began open criticism in 1983, resulting in fracturing of Fatah’s forces & open fighting in Oct.1983; his faction has been popularly known as Fatah-Uprising, assisted by Syria; has retreated from active role through 1990s.

Shadia Abu-Ghazaleh
1949-1968, Nablus. PA Psychology and Social Sciences, Ein-Shams University, Egypt 1966. In the aftermath of the 1967 war, attended the department of Psychology and Social Sciences at An-Najah College, joined the Arab Nationalist Movement in 1964 as a member of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and was a strong activist in military resistance. Was among the first Palestinian women to participate in military resistance after the war 1967 occupation and acting as commander in Nablus district; died in her home while preparing an explosive.

Shafiq Al-Hut
1932-2009 Jaffa. Left with his family in the 1948 Nakba to Beirut; BA in Psychology from the AUB 1953; teacher at Al-Maqassed School in Beirut and in Kuwait 1954-58; Director of Al-Hawadeth weekly magazine 1958-64; founding figure of the Palestinian Liberation Front (PLF), circulated the bulletin Tariq Al-Awda (Path of Return); Deputy Sec.-Gen. of the Arab Journalists Union from 1963-67; join the PLO; appointed as PLO representative in Beirut 1964 -1993); founding member of the Union of Palestinian Writers 1966; PLO Exec. Committee member in 1966-67 and 1991-93; suspended his participation in the Exec. Committee on 1993 in protest against the manner in which the negotiations with Israel were conducted, one of nine PLO Exec. Committee members who signed a statement rejecting the Oslo II Agreement on 1995; remains critical of the PLO leadership’s stance, written numerous articles, essays and books, incl. The Left and Arab Nationalism (Arabic, Cairo, 1959); The Palestinian between Diaspora and State (Arabic, Beirut, 1977): Moments of History (Arabic, Jeddah, 1986); Twenty Years with the PLO: Memoirs (Arabic, Beirut, 1986); Gaza-Jericho Agreement First: The Inadmissible Agreement (Arabic, Beirut, 1994); lives in Beirut.Died in August 2, 2009.

Sharif Kanaana
1936 'Arraba al-Batuf, Galilee. BA of Psychology and Economics,Yankton College; MA in Anthropology from the university of Hawaii; PhD of Anthropology from the university of Hawaii; Assistant professor at BZ university at Dept. of Psychology and Education, , associate professor and dean of faculty of arts, An-Najah University in Nablus and as acting president; returned to BZ university as director for the research and documentation center then as associate professor and full professor since 1996, has written numerous papers and articles.

Shawkat Kilani
1929-2002, Nablus. General Medicine from Alexandria University 1957; Diploma in Public Health and Tropical Diseases from Liverpool University 1964; member of the first PNC 1964; was among those who transformed al-Najah College in Nablus into a University 1977; served as member of its board of Trustees; co-founder in 1977 and Board of trustees member from 1978-1985 of the Arab Thought Forum; served as member of the Palestinian Doctor's League; co-founder of the Child care Medical Society for Children; was elected Pres. Of an-Najah National University 1990; Exec. Committee member of the Palestinian Council for higher Education; elected Vice-Pres of the Red Crescent Society in Nablus; was appointed as special advisor to late Pres. Yasser Arafat.

Simon Shaheen
1955, Tarshiha; the upper Galilee,four years later, his family moved to Haifa. He began playing the oud at 3, and the violin shortly thereafter. PA in Arabic literature; Tel Aviv University, later pursued further studies at Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Palestinian musician is a virtuoso and master of traditional Arab music, in 1980 he emigrated to the United States, eventually becoming a U.S citizen lives in New York City where he leads an Arabic ensemble called Qantara. In addition to his work in traditional and classical Arabic music, Shaheen has participated in many cross-cultural musical projects, including performing with Bill Laswell, Henry Threadgill, Vishwa Mohan Bhatt and with Jewish klezmer musicians The Klezmatics. In 1994 he received a National Heritage Fellowship from the National Endowment for the Arts.

Sofian Mushasha
Jerusalem; 1964. B.A degree in Labour Relations Management from Golden Gate University in San Francisco, and a graduate diploma in Health care financing and management, from Boston University School of Public Health, MA, USA, worked in the Union of Health Work Committees 1988-1992, served as the NGO Program Specialist at USAID 1992-1994, joined UNDP in 1995, as the Human Development Head of Section. In 2005, he joined the team at the Welfare Association as the Director of Operations. Currently, In 1996 he founded the Sharek Youth Forum, currently the largest youth organization in Palestine. In 2010 he lead a team of researchers and published the fifth Palestinian Human Development Report as well co-authored the 3rd MDG progress Report for Palestine and a special report on the status of Human Security in East Jerusalem. Member of the Board of Trustees; Arab Thought Forum since 2010.

Suad Amiry
1951 Her parents went from Palestine to Amman, living in the West Bank town of Ramallah. is an author and architect, studied architecture at the American University of Beirut, Michigan, USA and in Edinburgh, Scotland.. returned to Ramallah as a tourist in 1981, member of a Palestinian peace delegation in Washington D.C. 1991 to 1993 She is engaged in some peace initiatives of Palestinian and Israeli women. Director of the Riwaq Centre for Architectural Conservation, member of staff at BirzeitUniversity until 1991, was appointed as a vice-chairperson of the Board of Trustees of Birzeit University in 2006. Her book "Sharon and My Mother-in-Law" has been translated into 11 languages, was a bestseller in France, and was awarded in 2004 the prestigious Viareggio Prize in Italy.

Suha Tawil
1963, daughter of Raymonda Tawil; a Christian who nominally converted to Islam on marrying Yasser Arafat in secret in Tunisia in 1990; the marriage was formally announced in Feb. 1992; has a daughter, Zahwa (b.1995). After Arafat death she chooses to live in Tunisia. Soha says that long before she met her husband, Yasir Arafat, she was no stranger to Middle East politics. "My mother was engaged in dialogue with the Israelis 25 years ago.

Suhail Khoury
1963, Jerusalem. Study music at Iowa State University; 1987, took part in establishing several musical centers in Palestine including the Popular Art Center in Ramallh, the National Musical Institute, 1992 and become its director, the “Yabous Foundation For Art Production”, 1996 in which several annual musical festivals has been organized, and the Arab Musical Forum, 2003 acting its chairman. Director of “Edward Said Institute for Music”, Organize the first Palestinian Musical Festival in 1990, awarded the Welfare Association Prize for Excellence, 2006.

Sulayman al-Najjab [Abu Firas]
1934-2001 former leader of the JCP. from Jibya village; joined JCP soon after its creation. Arrested soon after Apr57 dismissal of Nabulsi’s government & imprisoned for 8 years in al-Jafar camp. Was active in creating the PNF & arrested in 1974. After 9 months in administrative detention, was deported from West Bank in Feb75. As deputy S-G, was 1st JCP leader to be appointed to the PLO-EC, in Apr87 & had key role in bringing about the reconciliation of fida’i factions. Acted as an advisor to ‘Arafat at Camp David talks in 2000. Retained PLO-EC position until his death (from cancer, in the US) in Aug01; buried in Ramallah.

Suliman Mansour
1947;Birzeit. Artist. Graduated from the Bezallel Art Academy in Jerusalem. He is a co-founder of the Wasiti Art Center in Jerusalem. member of the “New Vision” artist group, which focuses on the use of local material in artwork., art instructor, and author of two books on Palestinian folklore. his work exhibited in Palestine, the US, Japan, Korea and many other Arab and European countries. He was head of the League of Palestinian Artists for four years, participated in the French Palestinian spring exhibit at the Paris Institut du Monde Arabe. He won the ‘Nile award” at the 1998 Cairo Biennial for his series of clay panels, and the Palestine Prize for the Visual arts in 1998.

Sumaya Naser
1948 Birzeit. Studied biology, geography and education, University of Hamburg, Germany, 1967-74; a doctorate in Biology/Applied Botany from Hamburg University; 1979-82, Assistant Professor of Biology from 1982-97; Assistant to the Vice-Pres. for Academic Affairs 1986-89; member of different women organizations,; Board member of the Arab Thought Forum in Jerusalem from 1983-99 and member of its Executive Committee from 1989-94; also Board member of the Arab Studies Society since 1992; member of the Board of Directors of the Global Fund for Women, San Francisco, US; Director of the Jerusalem Center for Women, founded; co-founder of the German-Palestinian Society; received several awards incl. the Bruno-Kreisky Prize for Human Rights in 1995, the Peace Prize of the City of Augsburg, Germany, in 2000, and the Bremen Solidarity Prize in 2003.